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The sky of Tokyo, Calendar, Planets (November, 2018)

The sky of Tokyo

The sky of Tokyo (8:00 p.m. Mid-)
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Calendar (November)

1Last Quarter Moon
3Culture Day [Bunka-no-hi] (national holiday)
7Greatest Eastern Elongation of Mercury
8New Moon
12Northern Taurid Meteor Shower peaks around this time. (The best time to observe is before midnight in the latter part of November. On the order of 2 meteors per hour are expected.)
14Venus at stationary point
15First Quarter Moon
17Mercury at stationary point
18Leonid Meteor Shower peaks around this time. (The best time for viewing is before dawn on the 18th. On the order of 2 meteors per hour are expected. Conditions are not so bad.)
23Labor Thanksgiving Day [Kinro-kansha-no-hi] (national holiday) / Full Moon
25Neptune at stationary point
26Jupiter at conjunction
27Mercury at inferior conjunction
30Last Quarter Moon

The days for the peak activities of the meteor showers are based on the predictions of IMO(International Meteor Organization).

Planets

Mercury
Mercury reaches its greatest eastern elongation on November 7. It can be found relatively easily in the lower southwestern sky for several days before and after this day. Its elevation is less than 10 degrees at 30 minutes after sunset. After the middle of the month, its apparent location is close to the Sun, making observations difficult. Mercury reaches inferior conjunction on the 27th.
Venus
Venus is positioned low in the southeastern sky before sunrise. In the beginning of November, its apparent location is close to the Sun, making observations difficult. From the middle to the end of the month, its altitude rises, making it easy to observe. Its brightness is -4.1 magnitude to -4.7 magnitude.
Mars
At the beginning of November, Mars is located in the constellation Capricornus and moves east (direct motion). In the middle of the month, it moves to the constellation Aquarius. It can be seen after sunset in the southern sky and sets around midnight. Its brightness is -0.6 magnitude to -0.1 magnitude.
Jupiter
At the beginning of November, Jupiter is located in the constellation Libra and moves east (direct motion). At the end of the month, it moves to the constellation Scorpius. Its apparent position is close to the Sun, making observations difficult. It reaches conjunction on the 26th.
Saturn
Saturn moves east (direct motion) in the constellation Sagittarius. It can be seen low in the southwestern sky after sunset. In the end of November, it sets two hours after sunset. Its brightness is 0.6 magnitude to 0.5 magnitude.

Reference: Ephemeris Computation Office, NAOJ

With the “Sky Viewer” you can easily explore the appearance of a typical urban night sky (planets and constellations are visible). The Celestial Phenomena section of the glossary explains the planetary phenomena terms: greatest elongation, opposition, conjunction, stationary, etc.