国立天文台トップページ新天体関連情報 > 周期彗星の軌道表

周期彗星の軌道表

 絶対等級(H)が11.0等までの明るい周期彗星を掲載します(2021年 9月 6日更新)。

周期彗星の表(絶対等級が11.0等までの明るいもの)

No.PTqeωΩiEpochHName
年 月 日au  年 月 日
1P   76.01986  2  90.5870.967111.9 58.9162.21986  2 19 5.5Halley
12P   71.32024  4 210.7810.955199.0255.9 74.22024  5 10 5.0Pons-Brooks
13P   69.61956  6 191.1780.930 64.6 86.1 44.61956  6 16 5.0Olbers
17P   6.92021  2 192.0810.428 24.5326.6 19.02021  3  7 9.1Holmes
19P   6.82022  2  11.3060.638351.9 74.2 29.32022  1 21 8.5Borrelly
23P   70.51989  9 110.4790.972129.6310.9 19.31989 10  1 7.8Brorsen-Metcalf
29P   14.82019  3  75.7670.043 47.8312.4 9.42019  3 18 8.6Schwassmann-Wachmann 1
31P   8.72019  7  63.4250.193 18.4114.1 4.52019  7 16 7.2Schwassmann-Wachmann 2
32P   9.72024  4 202.0250.555 54.7 54.5 9.92024  5 1011.0Comas Sola
35P  155  1939  8  90.7480.974 29.3356.0 64.21939  8  5 8.3Herschel-Rigollet
39P   19.42023  7 115.7070.210103.0296.0 1.52023  6 25 7.0Oterma
43P   9.02025  8  42.4430.436223.8244.0 9.32025  7 24 8.6Wolf-Harrington
48P   6.52025  3  22.0070.427216.8110.1 12.22025  2 14 9.3Johnson
51P-A 7.12022 10  31.6930.544269.3 83.7 5.42022  9 1810.6Harrington-A
51P-D 7.12022 10  11.6920.544269.3 83.7 5.42022  9 18 8.6Harrington-D
52P   7.62021 10  51.7770.540139.6336.8 10.22021  9 23 7.9Harrington-Abell
53P   12.62028 12 242.4230.552135.0148.9 6.62028 12 15 9.9Van Biesbroeck
55P   33.21998  2 280.9770.906172.5235.3162.51998  3  810.0Tempel-Tuttle
56P   11.42027 12 192.4910.508 44.2345.9 8.22027 12 21 9.4Slaughter-Burnham
58P   8.22020  5 271.3770.663200.5159.1 13.12020  5 31 9.3Jackson-Neujmin
59P   9.52018  9 162.3590.475127.7312.8 9.32018  8 3010.5Kearns-Kwee
60P   6.62025  7 201.6460.534216.9267.4 3.62025  7 24 9.3Tsuchinshan 2
62P   6.22023 12 251.2650.624 47.3 68.7 4.72024  1 11 7.9Tsuchinshan 1
63P   13.42026  7  61.9750.651168.7357.7 19.62026  7 19 6.5Wild 1
65P   7.72025  6 162.9260.248213.7 62.0 9.22025  6 1410.9Gunn
No.PTqeωΩiEpochHName
年 月 日au  年 月 日
70P   7.12021 11  32.0090.454 1.8119.3 6.62021 11  211.0Kojima
74P   8.52018  1 263.5360.149 87.1 77.1 6.72018  2 11 4.8Smirnova-Chernykh
77P   6.92023  4  32.3490.352196.7 14.8 24.32023  4  6 9.5Longmore
78P   7.22026  6 252.0040.463192.8210.5 6.32026  6  9 9.0Gehrels 2
80P   8.12022 12  81.6150.599339.2259.8 29.92022 12  7 9.3Peters-Hartley
81P   6.42022 12 151.5980.537 41.6136.1 3.22022 12  7 7.9Wild 2
82P   8.42026 11 143.6240.125226.3239.3 1.12026 11 16 7.6Gehrels 3
90P   14.92017  6 192.9750.510 29.3 13.3 9.62017  6 16 6.5Gehrels 1
91P   7.72020 11  92.6040.331354.8247.8 14.12020 11  7 7.8Russell 3
99P   15.12022  4 124.7060.229174.9 28.1 4.32022  4 11 6.8Kowal 1
106P   7.32021  8 181.5290.594353.7 48.9 19.52021  8 1410.7Schuster
108P   7.22021  9 101.6600.556354.4 50.3 11.42021  9 23 9.6Ciffreo
109P  135  1992 12 120.9580.964153.0139.4113.41992 12  4 4.5Swift-Tuttle
110P   6.82021 10 182.4560.318167.4287.5 11.72021 11  2 6.6Hartley 3
111P   8.52013  1 303.7040.110 3.4 89.8 4.22013  1 28 8.4Helin-Roman-Crockett
116P   6.52022  7 162.1970.371173.3 21.0 3.62022  6 30 8.2Wild 4
117P   8.22022  7  73.0400.255222.9 58.8 8.72022  6 30 5.8Helin-Roman-Alu 1
118P   6.12022 11 241.8290.453314.8142.1 10.12022 12  710.7Shoemaker-Levy 4
120P   7.92021  5  72.4780.375 36.6358.7 8.52021  5 26 4.3Mueller 1
121P   9.82023  6 283.7300.186 11.7 94.1 20.22023  6 25 5.6Shoemaker-Holt 2
122P   74.41995 10  60.6590.963 13.0 79.6 85.41995 10 10 7.5de Vico
123P   7.62019  2  52.1270.449103.0 46.5 15.42019  2  6 8.2West-Hartley
126P   13.42010  2 221.7130.697356.7357.8 45.82010  2 13 8.8IRAS
127P   6.42022  8 102.2110.360 6.3 13.6 14.32022  8  9 9.5Holt-Olmstead
128P   9.62017  1 103.0560.321210.6214.3 4.42017  1  7 6.8Shoemaker-Holt 1
No.PTqeωΩiEpochHName
年 月 日au  年 月 日
131P   7.12019  1 242.4180.343179.1214.2 7.42019  2  6 8.6Mueller 2
134P   15.62014  5 212.5710.587 18.6202.1 4.32014  5 23 5.3Kowal-Vavrova
135P   7.42022  4  72.6800.295 22.3213.0 6.12022  4 11 7.0Shoemaker-Levy 8
136P   8.62025  1  32.9580.293225.3137.4 9.42025  1  5 4.9Mueller 3
139P   9.62027  7 233.3920.248166.2242.1 2.32027  7 14 7.2Vaisala-Oterma
147P   7.42016  2 272.7470.277347.1 93.7 2.42016  2 22 4.5Kushida-Muramatsu
151P   13.92029  8 182.4730.572216.1143.0 4.72029  8 12 8.5Helin
153P  364  2002  3 180.5070.990 34.7 93.4 28.12002  3 27 4.0Ikeya-Zhang
154P   10.52024  6 131.5530.676 48.0343.0 17.62024  6 1910.7Brewington
155P   16.92019 11 151.8020.727 14.7 97.2 6.42019 11 1310.0Shoemaker 3
158P   11.12021  5 104.7990.035172.2135.5 8.02021  5 26 7.0Kowal-LINEAR
160P   7.32019 12  21.7870.526 12.6333.4 15.62019 11 13 6.7LINEAR
165P   76.42000  6 146.8300.621126.1 0.6 15.92000  6 25 5.9LINEAR
166P   51.92002  5 208.5640.384321.9 64.5 15.42002  5  6 7.0NEAT
168P   6.82019  8  51.3590.620 15.0355.5 21.62019  8 25 7.4Hergenrother
170P   8.62023  4 202.9240.305225.4142.9 10.12023  4  610.8Christensen
175P   6.32019  9 301.9460.432 56.2123.5 6.12019 10  4 9.7Hergenrother
179P   14.32007 12  24.0870.308295.5115.9 19.92007 12  6 5.0Jedicke
180P   7.62023  7 122.5010.353 94.7 84.6 16.92023  6 25 5.6NEAT
186P   11.22019  5  44.3890.124283.8327.1 28.42019  4 27 6.6Garradd
187P   9.92018  5 263.8810.156133.2110.0 13.62018  6 11 7.3LINEAR
193P   6.82021  8 252.1680.394 8.1335.2 10.72021  8 14 9.0LINEAR-NEAT
195P   16.52009  1 214.4390.315249.6243.2 36.42009  1  9 8.4Hill
199P   14.62009  4  92.9350.508191.9 92.9 24.82009  3 30 7.7Shoemaker 4
200P   11.02019  7 283.2970.332134.0234.8 12.12019  7 16 7.0Larsen
No.PTqeωΩiEpochHName
年 月 日au  年 月 日
215P   9.02019 11 183.6050.167262.0 56.7 10.62019 11 13 9.4NEAT
216P   7.62024  1  62.1270.449151.7359.8 9.12024  1 11 4.9LINEAR
228P   8.52020  3 103.4360.177115.3 31.0 7.92020  3 12 9.5LINEAR
231P   8.12019  6 143.0220.248 42.7133.0 12.32019  6  6 7.2LINEAR-NEAT
232P   9.52019  4  62.9850.335 53.5 56.0 14.62019  3 18 7.2Hill
234P   7.42024 10 232.8210.257357.4179.6 11.52024 10 17 7.4LINEAR
235P   8.02018  3 172.7320.315333.8204.5 8.92018  3 23 7.3LINEAR
237P   6.62023  5 141.9870.434 25.3245.4 14.02023  5 16 4.7LINEAR
238P   5.62022  6  52.3690.252324.2 61.6 1.32022  5 2110.1Read
242P   13.02024 12 233.9720.283244.9180.3 32.42025  1  5 6.8Spahr
243P   7.52026  2 252.4480.360283.8 87.6 7.62026  2  910.4NEAT
244P   10.82022 11 173.9200.199 93.1354.0 2.32022 12  7 6.9Scotti
246P   8.02021  2 222.8640.287176.3 78.7 16.02021  3  7 4.9NEAT
251P   6.62024  2 131.7410.504 31.2219.3 23.42024  2 20 9.5LINEAR
261P   6.52019  6 182.0130.423 67.1291.2 6.12019  6  6 7.4Larson
266P   6.62020  4 192.3350.340 97.9 5.0 3.42020  4 2111.0Christensen
269P   18.92033  7 144.0150.433225.6241.6 7.12033  7 22 6.7Jedicke
271P   18.82032  3 224.2710.396 36.3 9.2 6.92032  3 29 7.2van Houten-Lemmon
274P   9.22022  4  82.4530.439 38.5 81.3 15.82022  4 1110.4Tombaugh-Tenagra
284P   7.12021  9 122.2960.376202.4144.3 11.92021  9 23 8.8McNaught
287P   8.52023  7  53.0340.271189.1139.0 16.32023  6 25 4.6Christensen
290P   15.42029  7 232.3090.627182.1302.6 20.02029  8 12 9.7Jager
291P   9.72023  5  42.5650.435173.5237.7 6.32023  5 16 5.8NEAT
292P   15.12014  2  42.5220.588319.1 91.9 24.42014  1 23 9.5Li
297P   6.42021  1 222.3430.319132.5 97.7 10.32021  1 26 6.7Beshore
No.PTqeωΩiEpochHName
年 月 日au  年 月 日
299P   9.22024  4 303.1560.281323.7271.6 10.52024  5 10 5.0Catalina-PANSTARRS
301P   13.92028  5 162.3800.588193.2351.1 10.32028  5 2910.9LINEAR-NEAT
310P   8.62023 10 232.4170.423 31.6 8.9 13.12023 10 2310.4Hill
315P   11.02027 11 162.3560.523 66.0 68.6 17.72027 11 1110.0LONEOS
318P   20.62015 10 222.4480.674313.2 35.7 17.92015 10 25 9.6McNaught-Hartley
324P   5.52026 10 142.6250.153 57.3270.6 21.42026 10  7 5.6La Sagra
328P   8.62024  7 271.8730.553 30.7341.6 17.72024  7 29 7.1LONEOS-Tucker
329P   11.82027  9 251.6640.678343.7 87.6 21.72027 10  2 8.9LINEAR-Catalina
330P   17.12033  9  82.9860.550188.8293.0 15.72033  8 31 9.7Catalina
332P   5.42021  8 181.5770.489152.3 3.8 9.42021  8 14 5.2Ikeya-Murakami
334P   16.72017  5  54.1850.360 80.5 92.7 19.12017  5  7 6.7NEAT
336P   11.32017  2  32.7820.446308.5298.3 17.82017  2 16 8.2McNaught
343P   12.82029 11  52.2750.584137.5257.0 5.62029 10 31 5.9NEAT-LONEOS
344P   10.72027  7 252.7970.423140.7273.1 3.52027  7 14 6.2Read
347P   6.82023  7 202.2130.386 98.4261.0 11.82023  8  410.5PANSTARRS
349P   6.82017  8 262.4990.301256.0331.8 5.52017  9  4 7.5Lemmon
352P   17.12017  6 212.5360.617309.1 28.2 21.02017  6 1610.5Skiff
353P   8.52017 12 202.2140.469230.4121.6 28.42018  1  2 8.5McNaught
356P   8.52017 12 172.6900.354226.2160.8 9.62018  1  2 7.4WISE
357P   9.42018  5 282.5270.434 1.5 44.6 6.32018  6 11 5.1Hill
361P   11.02018  7  22.7800.438219.2203.3 13.92018  7 21 4.6Spacewatch
370P   16.42018  6  92.4850.614356.8 55.2 19.42018  6 11 7.2NEAT
371P   8.52018 10  42.1910.476308.5 67.3 17.42018 10  9 4.3LINEAR-Skiff
372P   9.52018 10 193.8150.152 26.9325.8 9.52018 10  9 7.1McNaught
373P   7.42019  4  92.3130.392221.2232.0 13.82019  4 27 6.0Rinner
No.PTqeωΩiEpochHName
年 月 日au  年 月 日
374P   11.12019  1 102.6770.462 51.6 7.9 10.82018 12 28 7.4Larson
376P   14.22019  9 292.8310.517285.4314.9 1.22019 10  4 9.1LONEOS
377P   17.42020  7 115.0170.253355.0226.1 9.02020  7 10 7.1Scotti
379P   6.62019  8  12.3340.338 31.2184.0 12.42019  7 1610.8Spacewatch
380P   9.62019  6  63.0500.327 90.1133.1 8.22019  6  6 7.8PANSTARRS
382P   16.52022  2 174.4200.317171.0173.7 8.32022  3  2 4.2Larson
385P   8.92019  9 142.5680.401 44.3357.1 16.82019 10  4 7.4Hill
391P   10.12018  3 144.1080.120186.2124.7 21.32018  3 23 9.9Kowalski
393P   10.52019 10 234.2090.120327.9 36.4 16.82019 10  4 7.6Spacewatch-Hill
395P   16.82021 12 304.0650.380 89.8223.7 3.32021 12 12 9.9Catalina-NEAT
402P   18.62021 12 143.9380.439326.7123.1 30.92021 12 12 4.2LINEAR
403P   12.62020  9 162.6950.503277.7163.8 12.32020  9 28 7.1Catalina
404P   10.32023 11  44.1330.128169.4260.0 9.82023 10 23 4.4Bressi
407P   6.42020  1 312.1250.385 92.3 80.8 4.92020  2  1 7.3PANSTARRS-Fuls
408P   10.32022 10  53.4680.269226.5189.4 19.42022  9 1810.0Novichonok-Gerke
415P   8.42021  2 153.3140.195346.3160.3 31.82021  3  7 7.3Tenagra
419P   6.62021 10 272.5430.278187.5 40.4 2.82021 11  2 7.2PANSTARRS
425P   15.92021  9 202.8900.543200.7210.1 16.42021  9 23 4.8Kowalski

  ※ 軌道のデータは IAU Minor Planet Center より、等級のデータは JPL Solar System Dynamics による。

項目説明
No.周期彗星の確定番号
P公転周期(年)
T近日点通過時刻(西暦・地球時 TT)
q近日点距離(天文単位)
e離心率
ω近日点引数(度)(J2000.0)
Ω昇交点黄経(度)
i軌道傾斜角(度)
Epoch元期(西暦・地球時 TT)
H絶対等級(等)
Name 彗星名

リンク

 ・確定番号が付いた周期彗星(番号順)
 ・確定番号が付いた周期彗星(アルファベット順)
ウェブサイト 利用規程お問い合わせ